Most patients with Crohn’s Disease (CD) have a hard time when it comes to eating because many foods can trigger their CD symptoms. It has always been known that fiber helps and benefits CD patients, but some of them find fiber difficult to digest and sometimes it worsens their symptoms.
Even though fiber has many benefits like helping normalize bowel movements, not all types of fiber are favorable for Crohn’s Disease patients. New studies have shown that a diet rich in soluble fruit fibers is the most beneficial for preventing CD and flare-ups.
Fiber is a kind of carbohydrate that passes through the body undigested. Most carbohydrates are separated and fragmented into sugar molecules but fiber cannot be fragmented into sugar molecules. Fibers (plant-based) helps control our blood sugar and appetite, and also regulate our body’s sugar use.
There are two types of fiber:
- Soluble Fiber, which dissolves in water, helps lower cholesterol and glucose levels and assists with bowel movements.
Fruits like pears, pineapple, apples, raisins, grapes, blueberries, strawberries, and plums have a high content of soluble fiber. Also, nuts, beans, lentils, oatmeal and oat cereals.
` Soluble fiber can turn dough-like after absorbing water, similar to adding water to oatmeal.
- Insoluble (Fiber that does not dissolve in water) helps prevent constipation, lower glucose, and blood cholesterol levels.
Vegetables like sweet potato, asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, corn, and cucumbers. Also beans, whole grains, and whole wheat (check the nutritional facts label for bread and cereal information). Insoluble fibers cannot absorb water. Sort of like when you add water to corn.
Raw foods can trigger some patients’ flare-ups because they are harder for the intestines to digest. That is why cooked vegetables and soluble fiber fruit diets are recommended to reduce and prevent CD symptoms from suddenly appearing. Keep in mind that fiber is recommended when there is no intestinal blockage.
Researchers’ studies have concluded that soluble fiber, more specifically soluble fruit fibers, helps prevent or reduce the risk of developing Crohn’s Disease (CD).