- Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Also denominated NEC, induces death on part of the small or large intestine. It is predominant (over 80% of the cases) in premature infants whose weak anatomy cannot irrigate sufficient blood into the G.I. tract. Poor blood flow in some areas can cause necrosis. Normal bacterial flora can then penetrate through the intestinal wall causing a perforation and peritonitis. Necrotizing Enterocolitis is treated by using feeding tubes, administering antibiotics, and reducing bloating. If the ensuing infection cannot be contained, the necrosed section is resected. If the remaining ends cannot be anastomosed, an ostomy surgery is performed and waste becomes diverted into a premie ostomy pouch. Necrotizing Enterocolitis has close to a 30% mortality rate.