Ostomy Glossary: Colostomy, Ileostomy, Urostomy Information (R)

History Ostomy Bags

Ostomy Glossary

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Rectal Prolapse

It occurs when the rectum falls or it is displaced down through the anus. The rectum holds on to the pelvis through muscles and ligaments. With time age, constipation, hemorrhoids, and childbearing in women, wear the rectum’s grip on the pelvis causing the rectal prolapse.


Corresponds to the last 6-8 inches of the colon. It is a tubular muscle that stores stool before it reaches the anus and exits the body. Without a rectum there is no control over bowel movements and a colostomy or ileostomy ensues.

Restorative Proctocolectomy

Recognized as the preferred option for colon removal surgery. It consists on the excision of the colon (and sometimes the rectum) and restoring digestive continuity with an ileoanal reservoir (pouch). It has become the best outcome for those with ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis coli syndrome as it spares the need to have a permanent ileostomy with an ostomy bag attached. Continued advances make it possible for the procedure to be performed via laparoscopy. Please see: Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis (IPAA)

Retracted Stoma

The disappearing of the normal protrusion of the stoma below peristomal skin level. Can be intermittent – clients may report that the stoma disappears when they are sitting or when the bowel is functioning.

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