- Ulcerative Colitis
Sometimes denominated colitis or proctitis, Ulcerative Colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of the large intestine. It is a painful disease that creates inflammation and ulcers in the innermost layers of the lower colon and rectum. The inflammation leads to diarrhea and the ulcers produce pus and mucus. Ulcerative Colitis centers on the rectum and the lower colon, but may expand into the upper colon. Chron’s disease, another IBD disease, has similar symptoms except that it may develop anywhere in the GI tract. Approximately one million people live with both disease in the US. It may affect children and the elderly although most times diagnosis occurs before reaching 30 years. Statistically caucasians and Eastern European Jews are more prone to contracting the disease. Many sufferers of the disease used to end up with an ileostomy and had to wear and ileostomy bag permanently. Advances in surgery, notably the Koch Ileostomy has greatly reduced the incidence for a permanent ostomy.
A urostomy consists in the creation of an urine flow diversion following removal of the bladder or a part of the urinary tract. Patients with a urostomy have no control over urine disposal and must wear a urostomy bag. The bag carries a valve to allow multiple disposal of urine without needing a change of bag. A new urostomy bag is recommended every two-three days.